Microbiology is a study of microscopic organisms. Their invisibility to the naked eyes led to earlier belief of their existence in association of many illnesses. Since the advent of microscopes, this field has advanced tremendously, penetrating into myriad of research disciplines. Microbiology is a field of study encompassing many branches of pure and applied sciences. Its areas include physiology, cellular and structural biology, genetics, biochemistry, nano-technology, molecular biology, systematics and taxonomy, environmental biotechnology, ecology and virology. Despite their association with diseases, microbes are beneficial in industrial processes. Their exploits have far-reaching impacts in sustaining and improving human existence such as in the production of antibiotics, amino acids, enzymes and biopolymers tailored for medical applications, and in bioremediation of domestic, agricultural and industrial wastes. Although microorganisms have been studied for over 400 years, their exact identification and characterization are still incomplete. This highlights Microbiology as an important field for future exploration.
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Updated:: 11/04/2018 [lizamdnor]